Gallstones often are unnoticed companions, but also frequently cause unpleasant abdominal pain. In the course of life, these stones can develop in the gallbladder. The accumulation of gallstones in the gallbladder is called cholecystolithiasis. Often diagnosed incidentally, these stones frequently cause little or no discomfort for many years. However, if the stones become symptomatic, pain in the upper-right side of the abdomen is typical. The gallbladder can become inflamed again and again due to the disturbing stones. This is called recurrent cholecystitis. Small gallstones in particular can also find their way out of the gallbladder into the bile duct system and lead to extremely painful and dangerous inflammatory processes in the bile ducts or the connected organs such as the pancreas. If the stones begin to cause discomfort, surgical removal of the gallbladder is usually necessary. This so-called cholecystectomy is usually performed laparoscopically. The open surgical technique is only required in rare cases. Both procedures are performed under general anesthesia. An ultrasound examination of the abdomen is required for the diagnosis. In addition, a blood test is usually done. Sometimes further diagnostics are useful.
Laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy)
With laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder, we remove the gallbladder and the gallstones that cause discomfort in a minimally invasive manner. This tissue-sparing procedure makes it possible to reduce the hospital stay and the surgical complaints.
Open surgical removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy)
Open surgical removal of the gallbladder is only required in rare cases. Here, too, we remove the gallbladder together with the gallstones through the right upper part of the abdomen. The hospital stay is slightly—three to four days—longer for the open surgical procedure than the laparoscopic procedure.